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考研英语经典范文背诵:去森林化

2018-09-11 11:55

来源:新东方网整理

作者:

  (5) Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should:

  1) describe the drawing briefly,

  2) explain its intended meaning, and then

  3) Suggest counter-measures.

  You should write on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  范文:

  The drawing portrays a tragic scene in which the only remaining tree of a previous forest begs the pardon of a lumberman, as if empowered by human emotions. Surrounding this tree are numerous fresh tree stumps, which testify to the lumberman’s “hard work” while lamenting the loss of their paradise.

  The picture aims at assailing a serious environmental problem—deforestation, for which several factors are responsible. In the first place, wood is an indispensable raw material for industrial production and daily life. Secondly, the expanding human population requires more living space, and forests are always the first choice humans decide to sacrifice. As a result, forests have experienced, and are experiencing fatal destruction worldwide.

  Given forests’ fundamental role in sustaining ecological balance, their damage will result in irreversible harm to the world’s environment. Therefore, urgent and effective measures should be implemented so as to prevent deforestation. For instance, there are already some steps that have proved useful, say, the establishment of reserves of natural lands, the creation of substitutes of wooden products. The preservation and restoration of forests is a complex project that calls for more concern from the human society.

  译文:

  这幅图描绘了一个悲剧的场景,一片森林中唯一存活的一棵树向站在它面前的伐木工乞求不要将自己砍掉,仿佛被赋予了人的感情。这棵树的周围都是刚被砍掉的大树留下的树桩,充分证明了伐木工的“勤奋工作”,同时这些树桩仿佛也在悲叹失去了的生活天堂。

  这幅图的目的在于质问一个严重的环境问题——去森林化,这其中有许多因素。首先,木头是工业生产和人们生活中不可或缺的一种原材料。其次,不断扩张的人口规模需要更多的生存空间,而森林往往是人类愿意牺牲的第一个选择。因此,在全世界范围内,森林已经经历了并正在经历致命性的毁灭。

  由于森林对于保持生态平衡具有重要的作用,因此对森林的破坏会对全球环境造成不可逆转的破坏。因此,我们必须采取紧急和有效的措施来制止这一去森林化的趋势。例如,我们已经有一些被证明为有效的措施,如建立自然环境保护区,发明木头产品的替代品等。另外,森林的保护和恢复是一项复杂的系统工程,需要得到全社会对环保问题的共同和全面的关注。

  闪光词汇及词组:

  portray: v. 描绘

  lumberman: n. 伐木工

  empower: v. 使能够

  stump: n. 树桩

  testify: v. 证明

  lament: v. 悲叹

  paradise: n. 天堂

  assail: v. 攻击,质问

  deforestation: n. 采伐森林,去森林化

  indispensable: adj. 不可或缺的

  raw material: 原材料

  sacrifice: v. 牺牲

  irreversible: adj. 不能撤回的,不能取消的

  reserves: n. 保留地

  restoration: n.恢复

  万能句型:

  The drawing portrays a tragic scene…

  The picture aims at assailing a serious … problem

  Therefore, urgent and effective measures should be implemented so as to prevent…

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