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2017考研英语一完形填空真题解析

2016-12-26 15:37

来源:新东方网

作者:广州新东方任强

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  下面是强哥对英语一完型填空的解析。
  2017年考研英语一完型填空的文章,选自2016年2月3日 U.S. News & World Report(美国新闻与世界报道)中一篇文章,题目为The Health Benefits of Hugging (拥抱的健康价值)。
  纵观20个选项的正确答案,都是在基础,强化,冲刺班中反复强调,考试必考的高频词。
  课上,我们重点讲解过完型填空,建立在单词和语法的基础上,考逻辑,说的直白一点,就是考智商。
  比方说第二题helping you feel close and __2__ to people you care about,
  这是课上重点讲过的并列关系,要保持词性一致,褒贬义一致和级别一致,纵观四个选项,equal, restricted, connected, inferior,只有connected 和close的含义一致,所以答案选C. connected.
  还有18题,
  Some experts __17__ the stress-reducing, health-related benefits of hugging to the release of oxytocin, often called "the bonding hormone" _18___ it promotes attachment in relationships, including between mothers and their newborn babies.
  前后两个分句,前面一句,很明显是后面一句的结果,所以18题四个选项unless, because, though, until 正确答案选B. because。
  还有一直强调的固定搭配,比方说刚才出现的第17题,attribute/ascribe…to…将…归因于…是课堂上重点强调的短语。
  第3题的a host of 是2003年完形填空,讲老师如何设计活动,帮助青少年适应成长期的变化中,重点强调的短语。原句是,Because they are adjusting to their new bodies and a whole host of new intellectual and emotional challenges, teenagers are especially self-conscious and need the  confidence that comes from achieving success and knowing that their accomplishments are admired by others.
  第7题的be exposed to, 冲刺班重点强调,不是被揭露,而是接触的意思。
  强化和冲刺,讲的10篇真题文章,让大家做英汉互译,然后背诵。
  相信,如果你们真的用心去做了,看到这篇文章,肯定会心的一笑,听强哥的,就对了。
  下面是20个题目的答案。
  1. A. Besides   2.C. connected  3. A. host   4. A. avoid    5. D. involving
  6. A. on   7. D. exposed   8. C. down   9. D. calculated   10.C. explained
  11. D. Even 12.B. symptoms 13.B. increased 14. C. associated 15.B.  generate
  16. C. in the face of 17.A. attribute 18.B. because 19.A. remains
  20. D. influences
  原文如下:
  The Health Benefits of Hugging
  Stacey Colino  o Feb. 3, 2016, at 9:00 a.m.
  Could a hug a day keep the doctor away? The answer may be a resounding "yes!" Besides helping you feel close and connected to people you care about, it turns out that hugs can bring a host of health benefits to your body and mind. Believe it or not, a warm embrace might even help you avoid getting sick this winter.
  In a 2015 study involving 404 healthy adults, researchers from Carnegie Mellon University examined the effects of perceived social support and the receipt of hugs on the participants' susceptibility to developing the common cold after being exposed to the virus. People who perceived greater social support were less likely to come down with a cold, and the researchers calculated that the stress-buffering effects of hugging explained 32 percent of that beneficial effect. Even among those who got a cold, those who felt greater social support and received more frequent hugs had less severe symptoms.
  "Hugging protects people who are under stress from the increased risk for colds [that's] usually associated with stress," notes study lead author Sheldon Cohen, a professor of psychology at Carnegie Mellon University in Pennsylvania. Hugging "is a marker of intimacy and helps generate the feeling that others are there to help in the face of adversity."
  Some experts attribute the stress-reducing, health-related benefits of hugging to the release of oxytocin, often called "the bonding hormone" because it promotes attachment in relationships, including between mothers and their newborn babies. Oxytocin is made primarily in the hypothalamus in the brain, and some of it is released into the bloodstream through the pituitary gland. But some of it remains in the brain, where it influences mood, behavior and physiology.



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