新东方网>大学教育>考研>考研试题>模拟题>英语>正文

2016考研英语模拟试题及答案:阅读篇(3)

2015-12-03 10:50

来源:新东方网整理

作者:

  2016考研初试临近,最后阶段同学们要开启模拟冲刺阶段,所谓模拟冲刺,目的在于让大家提前进入到模考状态。
  做考研模拟题必须要定时,整套整套的做题。真正的模拟考场的感觉和气氛,同学们可以通过做整套题这样的训练方式来找找考场的感觉,而且通过反复的做整套题,不仅能使大家学习状态稳步提升和学习效率的提高,而且能看清自己的学习潜能,来适应连续4科的考研考试。新东方网考研频道考研分享2016考研英语模拟试题:阅读篇,赶快来练练手吧!

  2016考研英语模拟试题及答案:阅读篇(3)

  As you read this, nearly 80,000 Americans are waiting for a new heart, kidney or some other organ that could save their life. Tragically, about 6,000 of them will die this year——nearly twice as many people as perished in the Sept. 11 attacks——because they won't get their transplant in time. The vast majority of Americans (86%, according to one poll) say they support organ donation. But only 20% actually sign up to do it. Why the shortfall?

  Part of the problem is the way we handle organ donations. Americans who want to make this sort of gift have to opt in——that is, indicate on a driver's license that when they die, they want their organs to be made available. Many European and Asian countries take the opposite approach; in Singapore, for example, all residents receive a letter when they come of age informing them that their organs may be harvested unless they explicitly object. In Belgium, which adopted a similar presumed-consent system 12 years ago, less than 2% of the population has decided to opt out.

  Further complicating the situation in the U.S. is the fact that whatever decision you make can be overruled by your family. The final say is left to your surviving relatives, who must make up their minds in the critical hours after brain death has been declared. There are as many as 50 body parts, from your skin to your corneas, that can save or transform the life of a potential recipient, but for many families lost in grief, the idea of dismembering a loved one is more than they can bear.

  The U.S., like all medically advanced societies, has struggled to find a way to balance an individual's rightful sovereignty over his or her body with society's need to save its members from avoidable deaths. Given America's tradition of rugged individualism and native distrust of Big Brotherly interference, it's not surprising that voters resisted attempts to switch to a presumed-consent system when it was proposed in California, Oregon, Minnesota, Pennsyl

  lvania and Maryland. Health Secretary Tommy Thompson last spring announced plans for a new initiative to encourage donations——including clearer consent forms——but its impact is expected to be modest. Given the crying need for organs, perhaps it's time we considered shifting to something closer to the presumed-consent model.

  Meanwhile, if you want to ensure that your organs are donated when you die, you should say so in a living will or fill out a Uniform Donor Card (available from the American Medical Association)。 Make sure your closest relatives know about it. And if you don't want to donate an organ, you should make your wishes equally explicit.

  注(1):本文选自Time; 12/10/2001, p117;

  注(2):本文习题命题模仿对象2003年真题text 3;

  1. According to the author, one of the reasons for a shortage of organs in America is ______.

  [A] most Americans are reluctant to donate their organs after death

  [B] the information about organ donation is not popular in America

  [C] the ways to handle organ donation is far from perfect

  [D] people waiting for transplant are rapidly increasing in America

  2. What is most Americans‘ attitude towards the organ donation?

  [A] Indifferent.

  [B] Indignant.

  [C] Detached.

  [D] Supportive.

  3. It can be inferred from paragraph 4 that ______.

  [A] Americans have a long tradition of weak individualism

  [B] all the states in America resist the presumed-consent system

  [C] it‘s not easy to find a way to serve the society’s need and at the same time to protect the individual‘s right in the matter of organ donation

  [D] the government is not active in solving the problem

  4. The term “presumed-consent” probably means ______.

  [A] one‘s organs should be donated whether they agree or not

  [B] one is supposed to agree that their organ will be donated after death unless they explicitly object

  [C] dismembering a dead bo

  dy is inhuman

  [D] one is assumed to be happy after they decide to donate their organs

  5. From the text, we can see the author‘s attitude towards organ donation is ______.

  [A] supportive

  [B] indignant

  [C] indifferent

  [D] negative

  答案:CDCBA


(责任编辑:田学江)

官方微信:新东方考研 (微信号:xdfkaoyan

考研热门资讯、院校信息、新东方课程、名师辅导,请扫二维码关注我们! 

考研头条

  • 备考干货
  • 择校选专业
  • 报考信息
  • 经验心态

          新东方考研课程专区

          班级名称 上课地点 上课时间 费用 查看详情

          焦点推荐

          精品直播

          版权及免责声明

          凡本网注明"稿件来源:新东方"的所有文字、图片和音视频稿件,版权均属新东方教育科技集团(含本网和新东方网) 所有,任何媒体、网站或个人未经本网协议授权不得转载、链接、转贴或以其他任何方式复制、发表。已经本网协议授权的媒体、网站,在下载使用时必须注明"稿件来源:新东方",违者本网将依法追究法律责任。

          本网未注明"稿件来源:新东方"的文/图等稿件均为转载稿,本网转载仅基于传递更多信息之目的,并不意味着赞同转载稿的观点或证实其内容的真实性。如其他媒体、网站或个人从本网下载使用,必须保留本网注明的"稿件来源",并自负版权等法律责任。如擅自篡改为"稿件来源:新东方",本网将依法追究法律责任。

          如本网转载稿涉及版权等问题,请作者见稿后在两周内速来电与新东方网联系,电话:010-60908555。

          猜你喜欢

          四六级英语拓展