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新东方2014考研英语二真题答案(文字版)

2014-01-07 11:44

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  2014年考研英语(二)真题答案
  1. [B] concluded
  2. [A ]protective
  3. [[C] Likewise
  4. [A] indicator
  5. [D] concern
  6. [A]in terms of
  7. [C] equals
  8. [C] in turn
  9. [D] straightforward
  10. [B] while
  11. [A]shape
  12. [B] qualify
  13. [C] normal
  14. [D] tendency
  15. [B] pictured
  16. [D] associated
  17. [A]Even
  18. [D] grounded
  19.[C] policies
  20.[B] against
  Part A
  Text 1
  21.[B] A special tour
  22.[A] critical
  23.[D] rarity generally increases pleasure
  24.[B] may prove to be a worthwhile purchase
  25.[C] obtain lasting satisfaction from money spent
  Text 2
  26. [A ]our self-ratings are unrealistically high
  27. [C] intuitive response
  28. [B]believe in their attractiveness
  29. [A] instinctively
  30. [D] withhold their unflattering sides
  Test3  暂无
  31.
  32.
  33.
  34.
  35.
  Text 4
  36. [B]involves certain political factors
  37. [C]suffered government biases
  38. [A] allow greater government debt for housing
  39. [C] contribute to funding new developments
  40. [D] stop generous funding to the housing sector
  Part B
  41 .[D] represents the elegance of the British land art
  42 .[E] depicts the ordinary side of the British land art
  43 .[G] contains images from different parts of the same photograph
  44 .[C] reminds people of the English landscape painting tradition
  45 . [A] originates from a long walk that the artist took
  46. 翻译参考:(逐句对照)
  Most people would define optimism as being endlessly happy, with a glass that's perpetually half full. 大多数人将乐观定义为永远快乐,总觉得杯子里的水还有一半。But that's exactly the kind of false cheerfulness that positive psychologists wouldn't recommend. 但积极心理学家并不提倡这种虚假的快乐。"Healthy optimism means being in touch with reality," says Tal Ben-Shahar, a Harvard professor."健康的乐观是与现实联系在一起的,"哈佛大学教授泰·本-沙哈说道。According to Ben-Shahar, realistic optimists are those who make the best of things that happen, but not those who believe everything happens for the best.根据他的观点,现实的乐观主义者是去积极实现事情的圆满,而不是坐等事情会自己圆满。
  Ben-Shahar uses three optimistic exercises. 本-沙哈提出了乐观训练的三个阶段。When he feels down-say, after giving a bad lecture---he grants himself permission to be human.当他心情低落时--比如,一个糟糕的演讲之后--他宽慰自己这是人之常情。He reminds himself that not every lecture can be a Nobel winner, some will be less effective than others. 他提醒自己不是每一次演讲都要求诺贝尔标准,有些演讲的效果会不如其他。Next is reconstruction. 下一个阶段是重塑。He analyzes the weak lecture, learning lessons for the future about what works and what doesn't. 他会分析这次失败的演讲,哪些地方可取,哪些不可取,为将来的演讲积累经验。Finally, there is perspective, which involves acknowledging that in the grand scheme of life, one lecture really doesn't matter.最后一个阶段是前瞻,我们要认识到在生命的宏伟蓝图中,一次演讲根本算不上什么。
  47. 参考范文:
  Dear John,
  I'm glad to hear from you. How have you been these days? The purpose of this email is to tell you about my living habits.
  Firstly, I never drink or smoke. Neither do I stay up late. Instead, I keep a balanced diet and go to bed before 11 o'clock at night, because I believe burning the midnight oil is harmful to health. Secondly, I'd like to keep my things clean. It is obvious that living in a messy environment results in a chaotic life.
  Finally, could you please offer me some proposals as regards living in your city? I'm sure that we can get along well with each other, and our university life would be one of the best times in life. (123 words)
  Yours,
  Li Ming
  48. 参考范文:
  The column chart above clearly reflects the changes in the statistics between urban and rural population in China during the past two decades. For urban dwellers, there was a noticeable jump of 360 million from 300 million to 66 million between 1990 and 2010. By contrast, a remarkable decline occurred in the number of rural population by 160 million from 820 million to 660 million during the same period.
  At least three primary contributors account for such changes. First and foremost, there is a much nicer choice of options available in cities and towns, across the broad. There are more jobs to choose from, different kinds of companies and types of work. In addition, big cities offer much more excitement and stimulation, partly as a result of all the various options available in so many areas. More importantly, people prefer to live in cities and towns for the convenience of the transportation system. It would have a well developed bus, subway, highway and airport transportation network.
  Generally speaking, people in expanding numbers would prefer to live in cities and towns which offer a rich variety of many options, whether it be for jobs, leisure, cultural or intellectual activities. At the same time, people like the energy and stimulation of a big city environment and the convenience of a well-developed transportation system. (221 words)



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